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Starting Your Butterfly Garden

You can either buy seeds or plants commercially or gather seeds from wild plants, remembering to observe all local regulations. Seeds gathered in fall should be planted immediately or stored outdoors in a dry place that simulates natural winter conditions as closely as possible. Consult reference books for information on growing native plants from seed. Natural history museums, botanical gardens, and university botany and entomology departments are also good sources of information. The following spring is the time to plant your garden. Most butterflies prefer sunny, open locations, so keep this in mind when selecting a site. Individual species will seek nectar at different times of the day, so scatter the various plants throughout the garden to ensure that at least some will be sunlit when a given species is feeding. Keeping taller plants toward the perimeter will also help. In addition to nectar sources for adults, a complete butterfly garden will also include food plants for caterpillars, mud and water puddles, rocky areas, and shelter from rain and wind.

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Common Name
 
Latin Name
  Ageratum houstonianum
  Medicago sativa
  Ulmus americans
  Ilex opaca
  Senna hebecarpa
  Aster spp.
  Salvia gregii
  Cassia chapmanii
  Cardiospermum halicababum
  Desmodium spp.
  Cynodon dactylon
  Avicennia germinans
  Quercus velutina
  Salix nigra
  Pithecellobium keyense
  Liatris spp.
  Stachytarpheta urticifofia
  Caryopteris x chandonensis
  Bougainvillea glabra
  Sida acuta
  Lespedeza spp.
  Aster dumosus
  Buddlea davidii
  Clitoria mariana
  Asclepias tuberosa
  Cephalanthus occidentalis
  Cinnamomum camphora
  Cassia alata
  Canna spp.
  Aster caroliniana
  Ruellia caroliniensis
  Apiaceae
  Pithecellobium unguis cati
  Vitex agnus-castus
  Prunus angustifolia
  Cassia bicapsularis
  Mikania scandens
  Trifolium spp.
  Salix caroliniana
  Cassia occidentalis
  Celtis occidentalis
  Zamia pumila
  Antigon leptopus
  Passiflora suberosa
  Heliotropium amplexicaule
  Indigofera spicata
  Ilex cassine
  Vaccinium stamineum
  Dianthus chinensis
  Cornus app.
  Phlox drummondii
  Celtis Laevigata
  Asimina pygmea
  Arlstolochla elegans
  Agalinus app.
  Cuphea hyssopifolia
  Amorpha fruticosa
  Malvasreum corchorifolium
  Boehmeria cylindrica
  Foeniculum vulgare
  Odontonema strictum
  Hamelia patens
  Senecio confuses
  Carphephorus corymbosus
  Parietaria floridiana
  Nicotiana alata
  Lippia nodiflora
  Aster pilosus
  Phlox paniculata
  Arundinaria gigantea
  Salicornia spp.
  Gomphrena globosa
  Clerodendron bungei
  Abelia x grandiflora
  Solidago spp.
  Poaceae
  Fraxinus pennsylvanica
  Blechum brownei
  Apios americana
  Digitaria sanguinalis
  Indigofera hirsuta
  Crataegus spp.
  Zanthoxylum clava-hercules
  Hibiscus spp.
  Carya spp.
  Amphicarpa bracteata
  Prunus umbellata
  Monarda punctata
  Impatiens spp.
  Gaillardia pulchefla
  Sida rhombifolia
  Vernonia spp.
  Eupatorium fistulosum
  Aeschyomene americana
  Pueraria lobata
  Chenopodum album
  Lantana camara
  Plumbago auriculata
  Fabaceae
  Capparis flexuosa
  Quercus virginiana
  Eragroatis spp.
  Malvaceae spp.
  Mangifera indica
  Passiflora multiflora
  Passiflora incarnata
  Asclepias curassavica
  Salvia leucantha
  lithonia spp.
  Chenopidium ambrosioides
  Galactia spp.
  Astragalus spp.
  Drypetes diversifolia
  Asclepias spp.
  Eupatorium coelestinum
  Phoradendron serotinum
  lpomoea spp.
  Glandularia pulchefla
  Pycnanthemum spp.
  Brassicaceae
  Quercus myrtifolia
  Gnaphalium falcatum
  Asimina reticulata
  Urtica spp.
  Ceanothus americanus
  Caesalpinia spp.
  Phoradendron leucarpon
  Quercus spp.
  Panicum spp.
  Petroselinum crispum
  Cassia fasciculata
  Passiflora spp.
  Asimina triloba
  Asimina spp.
  Parietaria floridana
  Stylosanthes biflora
  Pentas lanceolata
  Arachis glabrata
  Pontederia cordata
  Aristolochia spp.
  Plantago spp.
  Callirhoe papaver
  Quercus stellata
  Caesalpina pulcherima
  Gnaphalium purpureum
  Lantana montevidensis
  Tridens flavus
  Persea borbonia
  Aesculus pavia
  Rhizophora mangle
  Cercis canadensis
  Cercis canadensis
  Distichlis spicata
  Batis maritima
  Cynanchum angustifolium
  Asclepias humistrata
  Sassafras albidum
  Cladium jamaicense
  Monarda didyma
  Cakile lanceolata
  Carex spp.
  Sedum spp.
  Cassia nictitans
  Ficus citrifolia
  Cassia obtusifolia
  Sida acuta
  Albizia julibrissin
  Croton argyranthemus
  Asimina angustifolia
  Asimina paviflora
  Dyschoriste spp.
  Leersia hexandra
  Juniperus silicicola
  Bidens alba
  Vaccinium arboreum
  Lindera benzoin
  Cleome hasslerana
  Amaranthus spinosus
  Stenotaphrum secundatum
  Stokesia laevis
  Ficus aurea
  Celtis laevigata
  Rhus spp.
  Dalea pinnata
  Persea palustris
  Asclepias incarnata
  Lobularia maritima
  Magnolia virginiana
  Gnaphalium obtusifolium
  Clethra alnifolia
  Viburnum odoratissimum
  Panicum virgatum
  Verbena bonariensis
  Cirsium spp.
  Linaria spp.
  Amyris elemifera
  Salvia coccinea
  Quercus laevis
  Dyachoriste spp.
  vegetables
  Viola spp.
  Lepidium virginicum
  Aristolochia serpentaria
  Itea virginica
  Ptelea trifoliata
  Gnaphalium pensylvanicum
  Bacopa monnieri
  Quercus nigra
  Myrica cerifera
  Salix babylonica
  Fraxinus americana
  Trifolium repens
  Quercus alba
  Dalea candida
  Asclepias perennis
  Melilotus alba
  Sarcostemma clausum
  Rhododendron canescens
  Prunus serotina
  Psychotria nervosa
  Zanthoxylum fagara
  Brassica campestris
  Plumbago scandens
  Raphanus raphanistrum
  Lysiloma latisiliquum
  Ulmus alata
  Rhus copallina
  Wisteria spp.
  Croton linearis
  Ilex vomitoria
  Passiflora lutea
  Cirsium horridulum
  Yucca spp.
  Zinnia efegans
     

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